Causes, symptoms and methods of treatment of the degenerative disc disease cervical

Among all the pathological processes that affect the spine in its various departments, one of the most common and painful is considered the neck of the osteochondrosis. This disease leads to the mass of complications, mainly because it affects the spinal cord, and also negatively influences the brain's functioning.

pain in the neck

What is the osteochondrosis of cervical?

Under the words of the collar of the osteochondrosis in the medical practice are understood as acquired and progressive that attacks the concrete of the department of the vertebral column. This pathological process are characteristic of the specific processes in the tissues of the intervertebral discs, which are shock absorbers of the cervical vertebrae. Atrophic change of the intervertebral discs based on the fact that are erased and deformed. As a result, the distance between the vertebrae is reduced and, as a consequence, occurs the following consequences:

  • Narrowing of the spinal canal, in certain areas of the spine.
  • By displacement of the vertebrate of the main arteries of the blood vessels that provide the blood supply to the brain. So that worsens the supply of the brain and alters the circulation of the blood in the cervical region of the spinal cord.
  • The discs of the spine may deform and collapse. This leads to a pinching of the different sections of the spinal cord and nerves, the most frequent is the pressure of the nerve root.

All of these problems threaten not only the violation of the circulation of the blood in the brain, painful sensations in the neck area, headache, etc., Development of degenerative disc disease, cervical dangerous problems neurological of nature, the deterioration of the working of the central nervous system, lesions in the tissues of the brain. According to the international classification of diseases, osteochondrosis in the cervical region is set in several of the codes. The code of disease icd-10, it depends on what age she was diagnosed with the disease:

the spine
  • M02 – dystrophy of intervertebral discs in the adult.
  • M42).12 – degenerative process in the neck in adults.

The age of the patient and the degree of development of pathological process depends on many factors, for example, the consequences, the complications, symptoms, and, of course, the principles of treatment.

The causes of the

The knowledge of the causes of the development of the degenerative disease of the cervical disc may play a critical role in the diagnostic process, as well as the definition of the principles of the fight against the disease. However, before enumerating the reasons, it is worth saying that the doctors are two factors that lead to the development of this pathological process:

  1. Pathology – the destruction of the intervertebral discs and other vertebrates of the structures, with the participation of a pathological process nearby tissues, blood vessels and nerves of the beams, occurs under the influence of external factors.. The more of these factors and other pathologies, the faster the disease develops.
  2. Physiological – basis for the development of the pathology is are mainly the changes of age. It is a natural aging of the cartilage tissue in the spinal pole, sediments, salts, etc

If to enumerate more specific to the causes of the degenerative disc disease cervical, are the following:

  • The violation of the processes of change in the body, as well as certain stages of obesity.
  • Physical inactivity is a phenomenon characterized by the limitation of mobility. Not only is this injury or illness, it can also be the sedentary life style and the seat work.
  • Pathology is the cardiovascular system, contributing to the failure of the circulation of the blood in the brain, pressure changes and other.
  • A bad posture, are different forms of scoliosis, rheumatism, and even flat feet.
  • Injuries in the cervical region of the spine. In this case, it is the sprains, bumps, bruises. Influence the development of the degenerative disease of the cervical disc may be injury to other departments of the spinal column.
  • Too large physical loads on the cervical region caused by the intense activity or sport shocks, physical difficult, will depend on human activities.
  • The sedentary life is also dangerous voltage constant in the cervical region and spine, if you sit properly or uncomfortable furniture.
  • Hernia cervical spine, as well as the different co-morbidities.
  • Force the retention of the head in the uncomfortable or unnatural. In this case, occurs not only muscles, but bent peruvian of the spine in the cervical region.
  • It is very common to the cause of authors considered to be permanent, the stress and nervous tensions.
  • One of the reasons also are considered to be congenital anomalies in the structure of the spine.
the excess dough

What health risk is it?

As mentioned earlier, in the area of the cervical region of the spine not only is the spinal cord and the various alterations of the branch, but also of the vertebrates of the arteries that provide blood to the occipital part of the brain, the cerebellum and the division of the brain oblong. During the development of the degenerative disc disease cervical to inflame nearby tissues. In addition, the development of the pathology is threatening compression of the nerve roots and by pumping under pressure of the blood vessels, the effects of the following:

  • The osteochondrosis is accompanied by the deformation of the spinal column, which in some places narrows the medullary canal. This can cause the pinching of the spinal cord and of the nerves of the branches, and that has serious neurological problems. In severe cases, the person feels pain, there is even the possibility of loss of control over the various components of the body (mainly in the field of the hands or face).
  • The grip of the vessels of the neck, as has already been said, is accompanied by circulatory disorders in occipital department of the brain. When the brain stops receiving oxygen and nutrients in the required amounts, begins hypoxia. In violation of the circulation of the blood is real, the risk of ischemic stroke and different neurological pathologies.


Syndromes main ones are:

  • Spinal.
  • The vertebral artery.
  • Root.
  • Heart.

It is important to know that each one of these symptoms is accompanied by pain, feelings of a different nature, as well as the mass of adverse clinical signs. The person can feel dizziness, noise appears in the ears, and much more.


Vertebral syndrome

Talks about the direct relationship of osteochondrosis of cervical bone and cartilage tissues. The symptoms in this type of pathology is associated also with the defeat of the above-mentioned fabrics:

  • Partially or fully restrict the movement of neck.
  • Movements of the head accompanied by painful sensations in the neck area.
  • The x-ray shows the morphological changes in the tissues (intervertebral and in the body of the vertebrae).

It is worth noting that vertebral syndrome is always accompanied by these three clinical signs. If you lack at least 1 of them, the diagnosis will be completely different.

Radicular syndrome

Occurs when you harm the roots of the spinal cord. When it disrupts the central nervous system, the conductivity, the person may feel pain or lose sensation of the separate parts of the body, or even suffer from paralysis. Depending on which of the 8 root of the steam occurs a violation of the conductivity, distinguish these symptoms:

  • 1 pair – numbness or pain in the back of the head;
  • 3 the torque – violation of chewing reflex, numbness of the tongue and the discomfort behind the ears;
  • 4 the pair – pain in the collarbone area, the violation of swallowing reflex;
  • 5 the couple – rape of the shoulder girdle, accompanied by a problem of movement of the hands;
  • 6 pair – the patient begins to feel pain and stiffness in the forearm and shoulders;
  • 7 pair – numb hands and fingers (often finger rating called the index and middle);
  • The 8 partner – similar problems in the past article, but it feels a numbness in the ring finger and little finger.

Heart syndrome

Although it is a pathological process is localized in the cervical spine, syndrome has all the signs of cardiac pathologies. The clinical picture when it is the following:

  • A rapid pulse.
  • The pain in the area of the sternum.
  • Shortness of breath, weakness, apathy, decreased ability to work.

The signs and symptoms of degenerative disc disease cervical

For the appropriate medical treatment must clearly understand the signs of the degenerative disc disease cervical. In some cases, these skills allow you to search for help in the early stages of the disease, when it is easier to treat. In general, the symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are:

  • Pain osteochondrosis are always present, only varies in intensity and frequency. Is the pain are the first clinical symptom. Its intensity depends on the stage of progression of the disease, by the nature of them are deaf or compression. The sensation of pain are present mainly in the neck of the occipital area, but can also to radiate in a temporary area of the shoulders and the hands.
  • In most of the cases are present the manifestations of the defeat of a balance. It is frequent irrational dizziness, nausea, violation of coordination of movements, irregular gait, loss in space.
  • One of the most common of the clinical signs is the stiffness of the neck muscles and stiffness. The man is difficult to turn, go down and throw back the head, the movements respond to the attacks of pain.
  • Many of the patient notice the sensation of the skin of the head, "run through the goose bumps or feel a tingling characteristic.
  • In the area of the hands produces muscle weakness and numbness.
  • Are often present psychological manifestation, which is expressed in the depression, drowsiness, mood swings, explosive or irritability.
  • As A result of the violation of the circulation of the blood and of the defeat of brain tissue was intensified attacks of vertigo, and it appears the noise in the ears, similar to gnashing, of the ripple, the sound.
  • The majority of patients notice a diminution of vision, as well as the sensation of pain in the eye apples, especially when dealing with strong return the eyes to the left, to the right, up or down.

To determine the degree of development of pathological process sometimes gets out of symptoms di i. However, for the full diagnosis, however, this is not sufficient and requires a series of activities of diagnosis.

The methods of diagnosis

Diagnosis of degenerative disc disease of the cervix is necessary to determine the location and the stage of progression of the disease. To enjoy of diagnostic needs this type of diagnostic methods:

  • The x-ray is the first method that allows to determine the degree and the localization of the deformation of the spinal column.
  • You can use the ct scan for more accurate diagnosis of injuries of the vertebrae and the intervertebral discs.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (magnetic resonance tomography) – provides the opportunity to examine in detail the discs and vertebrae, to determine the existence of hernia, the protrusion of the, the magnitude of the defeats of others.
  • Doppler – if the survey the opportunity to find the place of crushing of the artery, and to assess the degree of circulatory disorders.

Methods of treatment

The treatment of osteochondrosis in the neck always implies a holistic approach. The principles of treatment depend on the mass of factors such as the age of the patient, the stage of development of the disease, the brightness of his clinical picture, etc, However, there is a doctor in this situation, you can not spend in the first place, you can see a doctor-therapist, then you will be redirected to the spine. In terms of an integrated approach: it is osteochondrosis of the neck with the help of the therapy with medications, physiotherapy, massage, physical therapy, and other methods, about which worth talking about in more detail.

The pharmacological treatment

The basis of the treatment of the osteochondrosis of cervical is the medical therapy, which involves the use of tablets, and the drugs of these groups:

  • Pain medications – pain relievers and antispasmodics. The first directly desensitize the nervous centres, the treatment of the pain sensation. The seconds can relieve the spasm of the muscles of the neck, developing blood flow and suppress the pain.
  • Nsaids – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are necessary for the reduction of the inflammatory process, most of them also eliminate the sensation of pain. Often, these medicines are applied in the form of gels, ointments that are rubbed on the affected area.
  • The muscle-relaxing is another way to relieve the muscle spasm in the cervical region.
  • Chondroprotectors – mandatory at certain stages of the degenerative disc disease SHOP, as they help the recovery of the bone tissue.
  • Vitamins of group In – normalizes the metabolic processes of the nerve tissues, thereby improving the conductivity of nerve impulses, and promoting the work in the cns.

Remember, the treatment must be carried out only under the supervision of a physician, that the responsibility for the destiny of each one of the drugs, as well as to determine the duration of its administration and the dose.


The treatment of osteochondrosis neck will be much more efficient with the use of some techniques of physiotherapy:

  • Electrophoresis.
  • Lazeroterapiya.
  • The ultrasound.
  • The massage.

The massage therapy is required experienced of health, the treatment is carried out in the course of not less than 10 sessions. The neck massage helps to normalize blood circulation, restore elasticity, tone the muscles, relieve pain, etc


On the basis of the therapy of manipulation of the principle of recovery of motor functions and mobility between the vertebrae. Initially, the handling is easy to relaxing massage, then the doctor will be each time more strongly, influences the pressure of the vertebrae and the neck roll.

The use of applicator of kuznetsov – one of the methods of therapy of diseases of the spine, including degenerative disc disease. The impact of fit in the cervical region, normalizes the metabolic processes, relieves pain, improves muscle tone, improves circulation, increases the conductivity of the nervous tissue, etc, For the prevention of degenerative disc disease, it is useful to go swimming and every day hang in the fixed bar 2 to 3 minutes.