Back pain cervical

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine occurs because of pathologic changes in the intervertebral discs. They will weaken, become thinner, lose their elasticity, to stop protect the vertebrae from damage and losing the ability to provide them with a sufficient mobility. The main danger of cervical arthritis is that the disease affects the nerve endings of the spinal cord field, for which a violation occurs of blood flow to the brain.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine

Types and classification

Distinguish the different stages of the degenerative disc disease cervical:

  • the first: the initial changes of cartilage tissue of intervertebral disc;
  • the second: the beginning of a thinning of the disc, to reduce the distance between the vertebrae;
  • the third: the destruction of the disc, the beginning of a deformation of the spinal column;
  • fourth, the strong deformation of the spinal column.

The causes of

The main reason for cervical degenerative disc disease is in the structure of the vertebral column in this field. All the vertebrae here close to each other, and they move easily even with low load.

Given how motivated the cervical spine, it is not surprising that the disease is so widespread.

Lead to the onset of the disease may:

  • innate anatomical characteristics (people with a long neck back pain occurs more often);
  • the violation of the digestibility of mineral substances;
  • hormonal rejection;
  • the lack of sufficient corset muscle in the area of the neck and shoulders;
  • the lack of physical exercise;
  • cervical trauma;
  • hypothermia;
  • posture;
  • the excess of weight.
Osteochondrosis of the vertebral column

The symptoms

  • Often the first symptom of cervical osteoarthritis is present headaches. Can be very strong, no leaking as headaches, accompanied by vertigo and dizziness.
  • The typical appearance of "flies", dark spots, opacity in front of the eyes, decreased vision.
  • The pain in the neck when this disease gives the nape of the neck, the forehead, the ears, it is strengthened when you change the position of the head.
  • Often celebrates numbness of the hands.
  • Appear tinnitus, hearing loss.
  • Can occur a violation of coordination of movement, fainting.

Diagnostics

To identify the degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine pass:

  • x-rays, defines the state of the vertebrae;
  • ct, to detect lesions of the disks;
  • Doppler, defines disorders of the blood circulation;
  • duplex scanning that indicates the status of the blood vessels.

Treatment

As a first aid treatment with osteochondrosis of cervical are necessary painkillers and anti-inflammatory medications. Depending on the strength of the pain, apply local medication (creams and gels), pills or injections.

Vitamin

Also awarded are:

  • vitamin (b vitamins);
  • medicines, relieve the muscle spasm,
  • chondroprotector;
  • physiotherapy (electrophoresis, paraffin wax, magnetic therapy and others);
  • gymnastics therapeutic;
  • massage and self-massage.