How to treat knee joint disease correctly

Arthropathy refers to the degenerative pathological process in the articular cartilage tissue and its subsequent thinning and destruction. Arthropathy is characterized by limited exercise capacity and severe pain. The treatment of knee joint arthropathy or knee joint disease is multifaceted, because there are many effective anti-arthritis treatment methods: drugs, surgery, diet, massage, etc.

How and why pathology develops

The occurrence of knee joint disease has the following reasons:

  • The meniscus is damaged, which may cause the knee stopper. Statistics show that 90% of patients will develop knee joint disease after meniscus resection;
  • Other injuries, such as sprains, fractures, cracks, bruises, etc. This factor is more common in young patients;
  • Obesity causes increased pressure on joint structures, especially the knees, because all excess weight puts pressure on the lower limbs. If accompanied by obesity, the patient still has varicose veins, then it is very likely to develop the most serious knee joint disease, which is difficult to treat;
  • Increased knee load, which is characteristic of athletes, loaders, etc. ;
  • Arthritis and other joint pathological processes;
  • Material exchange barriers;
  • Stress, hypothermia.

Symptoms of knee joint disease

For arthropathy, the following symptoms are inherent:

  1. Fluid accumulation in the joint cavity, leading to the development of Baker's cyst;
  2. The pain is weak and fickle at first, but becomes intense and persistent as the pathological process develops. Moreover, this process of transformation may continue for several years, until the moment when the factors that cause the deterioration appear;
  3. The knee is numb and hurts. Similar symptoms have appeared in the 2 or 3 stages of the development of knee joint disease;
  4. Disorders of joint mobility are manifested by the inability to bend the limbs, and the patient will feel severe pain. At the same time, joint deformities develop, which can be seen without any special devices.

Degree of pathological development

Knee joint disease is characterized by third-degree development. The first degree is characterized by slight pain during physical activity. At this stage, synovitis may further form cysts. Damage to articular cartilage is not visible from the outside, but they have become active and gradually strengthen.

Through bending exercises, specific tightening can be used to supplement pain symptoms. This symptom is thought to be peculiar to knee joint disease.

For second-degree knee joint disease, the joint space becomes narrow, which is clearly visible on X-rays. Bone tissue begins to grow. Any, even slight knee movement can cause severe pain. After a short rest, such symptoms will quickly subside, but they will reappear after the next activity.

The typical sign of third-degree knee joint disease is a significant deformity of the knee joint. In addition, it is no longer possible to stop the exercise to eliminate the pain, because there is soreness even in a calm state.

Knee pain

Treatment of knee joint disease

Comprehensive treatment strategies can solve the following problems:

  1. Strengthen the muscles supporting joints, increase the elasticity and flexibility of tendons and ligaments;
  2. Get rid of pain symptoms;
  3. Speed up the recovery process and improve the nutrition of the cartilage structure of the knee joint;
  4. Normalize blood flow in the affected area;
  5. Increase joint range of motion;
  6. Reduce pressure in the affected area;
  7. Increase the distance between the bones.

The treatment process is based on medication prescriptions, surgery, special diets, physical therapy procedures, treatment exercises, etc.

Drugs used

The treatment of knee joint disease is based on the use of drugs that provide symptomatic treatment and prevent the further development of knee joint disease. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, hormonal drugs, and chondroprotective agents perform well in such tasks. These funds can effectively relieve pain, but long-term use is prohibited to avoid unnecessary side effects. Therefore, the duration of NSAID treatment should not exceed 2 weeks.

Among the hormone drugs that are often used to treat knee joint disease, it is worth paying attention to:

In cases where NSAID cannot cope with the pathological process, hormonal drugs are prescribed. But hormone therapy is characterized by many side effects, so it will not last long.

Cartilage protection drugs are very effective in restoring joint function. These funds work in complex ways-they reduce pain symptoms, stabilize pathological processes, and provide enhanced nutrition to articular cartilage. There are the latest chondroprotective agents, which not only have the effect of repairing joint tissues, but also have anti-inflammatory effects.

Operation

Sometimes, surgical treatment is required. There are several surgical methods to treat knee joint disease:

  1. Arthroscopy
  2. Endoprosthesis
  3. Osteotomy.

The simplest option for surgery is arthroscopy, during which the affected area of the joint is removed through a small puncture.

The main task of arthroscopic intervention is to extend the function and performance of the knee joint affected by arthropathy.

But the clearest surgical method is arthroplasty, which involves replacing parts of the knee joint with artificial implants. The efficiency of this operation is approximately 90%. As for osteotomy, the operation involves artificial fracture and then fixing the bone in an anatomically correct position.

physiotherapy

Physical therapy procedures also have one of the main values in complex anti-arthritis treatments. They promote the progression of knee joint disease, eliminate pain symptoms, relieve muscle spasm and shorten the duration of regeneration. If drug electrophoresis is used, the patient's oral dose of the drug will be reduced.

The task of knee physiotherapy procedures is to eliminate pain, reduce the severity of symptoms, accelerate joint regeneration and enhance the nutrition of damaged joints.

To relieve pain, ultraviolet radiation and magnetic therapy are used. In order to eliminate the inflammatory process, infrared laser treatment or ultra-high frequency treatment is prescribed. In addition, ultrasound therapy, darsonvalization and medicated baths are also shown.

Diet therapy

The success of therapeutic anti-arthritis measures is largely due to a reasonable diet. why? Sometimes, the cause of the arthritis process is substance exchange disorders, and malnutrition plays an important role in its development.

An unbalanced diet can lead to obesity, which increases pressure on the knee joints. This is why it is recommended to follow a diet during and after treatment of knee joint disease to prevent joint disease.

Diet therapy for knee joint disease is based on the use of foods rich in fortifying compounds and essential trace elements. At the same time, you need to monitor the calorie content of the consumed meals to avoid weight gain. In the case of overweight, it is recommended to consume more calories, and then the weight will return to normal.

Exercise therapy

It is taken for granted that treatment and gymnastics treatment are one of the main factors in the complex treatment of knee joint disease. Exercise helps strengthen and restore joint mobility. The most important thing is that elements should execute in a smooth and slow mode. Popular exercises:

  1. Lie on your stomach. Raise your legs alternately;
  2. From the side position, delay a few seconds to lift the limbs;
  3. Lift your legs from a certain position on your abdomen and perform contraction and stretching exercises.

attention! This exercise is contraindicated for patients with high blood pressure and other heart disease patients, because it can cause blood pressure to rise.

Rubbing and massaging from the knee joint to the hip joint will help. The massage ends with stroking the skin.

Doctor's Methodology-Rheumatologist

The method of treating knee joint disease according to the plan of a rheumatologist is based on the use of physical therapy, plus medication:

  • Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • Cartilage protection drugs;
  • External medicines to relieve pain, such as ointments and creams;
  • Intra-articular injection;
  • Manual treatment procedures;
  • Physiotherapy;
  • Light physical exercises.

Thanks to the application of this technology, the previous mobility is restored, the blood supply to the affected knee is normalized, the pain stops, and the joint cells receive more nutrition.

Author's technique

The author's technique has unique therapeutic properties. The plan can alleviate the patient's joint disease without the use of surgery and drugs. This technique is a mixture of physical therapy and exercise therapy. Each patient was privately selected a treatment plan and training plan.

It is not recommended for patients to use painkillers, because the need to apply ice cubes on the knees and contrast showers can easily cope with this problem. According to the result of the general class of the method:

  1. The patient's pain is reduced;
  2. Bone joints, joints and cartilage begin to receive more nutrition;
  3. The knee returns to its original function.

These courses are conducted under the supervision of experienced lecturers in professional clinics. As additional treatments, massage procedures, swimming and bathing are shown.