Treatment and prevention of low back pain

A sedentary lifestyle can cause back pain, especially in the waist. This state is familiar to almost every modern person. Pain forces you to abandon your usual lifestyle and temporarily forget your beloved summer house, outdoor recreation and other life pleasures. It seems that this state will never end, even so, the pain will reappear. Why does my back hurt? How can I help her?

Back pain during sedentary work

Causes of low back pain

Facts have proved that the most common cause of low back pain is osteochondrosis. This is a disease that affects the intervertebral discs. They usually connect the vertebrae to each other and reduce the overall pressure on the spine. Intervertebral discs have the same role as car shock absorbers-they can reduce the impact of walking, running and jumping. But once they fail, any movement of the spine becomes painful.

According to statistics, about 60% of people over 20 years old have degeneration of intervertebral cartilage. In addition, the older the age and the less active the lifestyle, the higher the prevalence of this disease. Back pain caused by osteochondrosis is the most common reason to see various specialists.

In this disease, the height of the intervertebral disc is reduced, and the cartilage plate covering the vertebrae becomes thinner and destroyed, because it ruptures due to the development of dryness (decreased water content in the cartilage). As a result, the friction between the vertebrae increases, especially in the lumbar region, because it is under the greatest pressure. Friction can cause pain. If nothing is done at this stage, the disease will continue to develop and form an intervertebral hernia. This is a stage of osteochondrosis in which the intervertebral discs extend beyond the boundaries of the spine and begin to squeeze through nearby nerve roots. Back pain gets worse as the condition gets worse. At this stage, it already consists of two parts-friction between vertebrae and compression of nerves.

Every time the lumbar spine bends and stretches the spine, the front and back bending of the body becomes unbearable. It is at this stage that the symptoms of jamming appear, when a person bends, they can no longer stand upright. In this case, emergency assistance is essential.

Less commonly, low back pain is related to other diseases. possible:

  • Hypothermia is called "pass";
  • Chronic stress or acute emotional overstress (muscle cramps, causing pain);
  • Metabolic disorders that accompany the development of calcium imbalance (gout, diabetes);
  • Infectious diseases of the spine;
  • Spinal injury;
  • Adhesion of pelvic organs.

But we reiterate again that the most common cause of back pain is osteochondrosis. The following symptoms can help distinguish this condition and make the correct diagnosis:

  • Sudden pain in the initial stage of the disease and its independent relief (under the background of pathological progress, the pain will only disappear when taking painkillers);
  • When a person lies on their back and tries to straighten their legs, the pain increases (symptoms of nerve tension, compression and swelling);
  • Want to change posture to reduce the severity of pain;
  • Irradiation of the legs, which sometimes causes limp;
  • There is a burning sensation, numbness and crawling sensation in the affected leg.

Back pain treatment

The treatment of back pain requires a gradual and comprehensive approach. If an acute attack occurs, anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs can help relieve pain. However, in order to prevent recurrence and improve the condition of the spine, comprehensive care is required. These are basic medications, massages, physical therapy exercises, swimming and other activities.

Back pain gymnastics

drug

To relieve severe pain, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used in the form of powders, tablets, and injections. They are effective in relieving pain, but continuous use is not safe because these drugs increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, gastric ulcer, liver damage and hematopoietic system. Therefore, NSAIDs are used as first aid drugs.

The main rule derived from this is that NSAIDs should only be used in severe pain, rather than regular use. Give good basic treatment to help prevent chronic pain.

Ointments and gels

In most cases, anti-inflammatory and warm medicines are produced in the form of ointments and gels. However, their active ingredients are not fully functional (they are characterized by low efficiency) because the absorption of adults through the skin is very small. These drugs only provide relief in the early stages of the disease. Cannot be used as a stand-alone product line-ointments and gels can only complement the main treatment.

Chondroprotective agent

Chondroprotectants-These drugs are included in modern standards and are used as the basic treatment for patients with degenerative intervertebral cartilage. They help restore the structure of cartilage from the inside and increase its hydration (the amount of fluid contained in it). The chondroprotectant affects the main link of the disease (causal treatment). Therefore, they can not only treat back pain, but also prevent the occurrence of back pain.

Consult your doctor before using any medicine!

massage

Proper massage helps to eliminate chronic muscle spasms caused by the "sagging" of the intervertebral disc. However, this method can only be used when there is no acute pain, otherwise the massage may be harmful. Massage acts on the muscles, which is a secondary part of the pain syndrome. Unfortunately, it does not affect the main link (damaged vertebrae).

Prevent back pain

To help your back, follow these simple prevention guidelines.

  1. Eat and drink well! Many times, back pain afflicts overweight people. In this case, the load on the spine increases tenfold, so the intervertebral cartilage wears out faster. Your goal in preventing back problems is to lose weight. Therefore, adjust the power supply:
    • Give up animal fats (sausages, fast food) and use seafood instead. Nutritionists recommend that you must add mackerel, salmon, and other fish that are rich in omega-3 beneficial acids to your menu.
    • Eat more vegetables and fresh vegetables. They are rich in plant fiber, and their digestion requires energy from the body, which means losing fat.
    • Drink more. It is recommended to drink 2-3 liters of ordinary water every day. This is not only necessary for the better functioning of the entire organism, but also necessary for the "submergence" of cartilage.
    • Do gymnastics regularly! In the absence of strength exercises, a quantitative load on the spine can strengthen its muscles. This is extra protection for the vertebrae. If you don't like gymnastics, but you like swimming-swimming, the doctor recommends. It is a good choice for gymnastics prevention.