A large number of people, regardless of age, social status, habits, or even health, will experience unpleasant symptoms such as neck pain. Why does this happen?
Neck pain is an underlying symptom that can be severe and indicates active inflammation or tissue destruction. Feelings of varying intensity are usually accompanied by numbness in the back occiput, loss of hand sensitivity, local redness and even swelling. Usually, headache and dizziness are observed when the neck is painful.
It is not easy to determine the cause of neck pain. To accurately diagnose the problem, a comprehensive diagnosis is required, including computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound (ultrasound) and laboratory tests.
Use drugs and physical therapy to relieve neck pain.
Neck pain occurs in 70% of the adult population. The intensity and duration of the sensations may vary, depending on many factors. Therefore, even the same person will periodically experience short-term discomfort and severe pain syndrome, which reduces the quality of daily life.
Usually, the pain is located on the cervical spine and its anterolateral surface. Confirmed cases indicate that patients more often experience severe "back pain" followed by severe discomfort.
Pain can not only be applied to the neck, but also spread to the shoulders, scapula, and occiput, and has different properties:
In most cases, the pain increases with various movements of the head, which forces the entire body to rotate.
The structure and function of the cervical spine
The cervical spine area is the upper part of the spine (seven interconnected vertebrae), which is subject to considerable pressure every day.
The joints that connect the vertebrae to each other form the part of the spinal canal where the spinal cord is located.
The neck muscles are responsible for regulating the movement of the head and also allow you to keep it in an anatomically correct position. Each muscle uses strong connective tissue (tendons) to attach to the bones.
After studying the structure, one can conclude that pain is caused by various types of pathology, and its development is concentrated in any component of the ODA neck area.
Neck pain classification
Today, it is customary to distinguish between several types of neck pain:
- Cervical pain-various types of pain, with various types of origin;
- Cervicago or neck and back pain-acute, sudden pain caused by compression of nerve roots;
- Neck and Arm Pain-Soreness manifests in the neck and spreads as it grows to the upper limbs;
- Cervical pain is a common condition when neck pain and headache are felt at the same time.
Why does the neck hurt?
Among the causes of neck pain, there may be many diseases with similar clinical manifestations, but different mechanisms of progression.
Causes of sore throat
Most people immediately associate scratching and scratching with a cold, but for many of these diseases, this manifestation of strength may appear, so that the patient may feel neck pain.
Severe discomfort and high pain rates are accompanied by the following conditions:
- Bacterial infections;
- Allergic reactions;
- Foreign body in the pharyngeal tissue;
- Lack of vitamins and trace elements;
- Malignant tumors.
Causes of front neck pain
Are the unpleasant feelings mainly concentrated in the front part and under the chin? Such a limited area can explain a lot, because there are a large number of different types of fabrics. If the discomfort increases when swallowing and turning the head, the reasons for this include:
- Pathological processes that progress in thyroid tissue;
- Various types of inflammatory processes;
- Purulent disease;
- Damage to lymphatic system tissue;
- Respiratory Diseases;
Causes of cervical pain
If the patient complains of discomfort in the back of the cervical spine, there is a risk of being diagnosed with a serious pathological condition.
In this case, "back pain" usually occurs, so the mobility of the head and even the shoulder straps is severely restricted.
This type of empirical feeling indicates the following conditions:
- Destructive processes located in the vertebral tissue;
- Damage to ligaments or muscle organs;
- The development of the infection process;
- The presence of abnormal vertebral bodies.
Neck pain caused by osteochondrosis
Particular attention should be paid to one of the most common problems-neck pain caused by osteochondrosis. Osteochondrosis is one of the most common pathological diseases on earth.
Neck pain of osteochondrosis is a serious symptom. If you skip it, you may lose the chance of a complete recovery and miss the initial stage of the development of a treatable pathological process.
Causes of side neck pain
Discomfort and severe pain concentrated on the side of the neck can be transferred to the shoulder straps or ears. Tingling, throbbing, and burning sensations become extra troubles.
The most likely causes of lateral neck pain are:
- Pathological process of blood vessels;
- The cervical spine has been in an uncomfortable position for a long time;
- Muscle cramps;
- Congenital diseases;
- Complications after illness or surgery.
When should I seek medical help for neck pain?
Generally, people who feel sore in any spine area are more willing to refuse to see a doctor and let everything resolve on its own. In order to prevent serious deterioration of health, it is important to seek professional help in time.
Regardless of the type of neck pain, a specialist must be consulted and the cause must be determined.
The special signs to be aware of are:
- Severe headache
- Traumatic effects on the cervical spine;
- Numbness, weakness of limbs;
- Ineffectiveness of drug use.
Ignoring symptoms can lead to irreversible consequences and severely deteriorate the quality of life.
In some cases, it is urgent to see the attending doctor. It is customary to mention these:
- Increased body temperature, accompanied by neck and head pain;
- Severe stiffness of the cervical spine (the chest cannot reach the chin);
- Signs of a heart attack (chest pain, shortness of breath, increased sweating, nausea).
Diagnosing neck pain
For any disease, in order to form a high-quality treatment plan, it must be correctly diagnosed, taking into account all the patient’s main complaints, existing medical history and examination results.
Considering that the vast majority of cases are caused by pathological conditions in the spine area, if neck pain occurs, it is best to seek the help of a chiropractor (osteopathic doctor), spine specialist or neurologist.
The complexity of the entire diagnostic procedure is the use of instruments and laboratory methods, each of which aims to visualize the affected area and form a qualitative basis for identifying the symptoms of the accompanying disease.
Let us consider the most informative diagnostic method.
Radiography is a key diagnostic method. With the help of the images obtained during the examination, the structure of the vertebrae can be evaluated and the condition of cartilage tissue can be understood.
Through X-ray examination, the following pathological conditions can be identified:
- Displacement of some components of the spine;
- Formation of hernias and other tumors;
- Extensive growth of bone tissue, etc.
X-ray images show all the information needed for diagnosis, which enables experts to form an accurate diagnosis and determine the key areas of treatment.
However, in some cases, radiography is not enough to identify many pathologies. Sometimes, it is completely inaccessible due to contraindications. In this case, other solutions can come in handy.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
MRI examination involves obtaining 3D images in multiple projections, which makes it possible to assess the state of all types of tissues in the cervical spine.
Since one of the causes of cervical spine pain is muscle spasm, it is appropriate to discuss the possible damage to this type of tissue.
In order to identify the lesion and its extent, methods such as electromyography (determining the level of bioelectric activity and the ability of nerves to transmit impulses) are used.
Electroneurographs (recording of electrical signals as they travel along the nerve under examination) and Forestier test (revealing the ability to take anatomically correct positions) are also used.
Laboratory blood test
The results of general and biochemical examinations of biological fluids (blood, urine) indicate or deny the existence of inflammatory processes, which are the cause of pain.
In laboratory diagnosis, pay special attention to the concentration of hormones.
Other studies are considered to be bacterial cultures of sputum and throat smears.
Neck pain treatment
Regardless of the nature of the pain experienced, the elimination and treatment of its root cause should be handled exclusively by a doctor. It is important to remember that a lack of treatment or inadequate treatment (self-medication) will sooner or later lead to a worsening of the pathological condition and irreversible consequences (from incapacity to death).
What to do before diagnosis?
Do you have neck pain? Don't delay your visit to the doctor. However, if the diagnosis has not been established and the pain is not in a hurry to go away, you should know how to deal with it.
First of all, in order to avoid this unpleasant syndrome, you should avoid being too rough and take care to prevent airflow and hypothermia.
If the pain has already manifested and the discomfort is still increasing, you can take an analgesic once.
important! You cannot take medicine for a long time without a doctor's prescription.
The initial stage of any disease can be eliminated by conservative treatments, which usually include medication.
In order to relieve the experienced sensation and eliminate the pathological process, various pharmacological groups of drugs are used, including:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can eliminate inflammation and relieve symptoms of discomfort;
- Muscle relaxants to relieve muscle cramps;
- Anesthetics to relieve pain;
- Antibiotics, whose effect is to eradicate bacteria and purulent processes;
- Vitamins and minerals used to support nutritional levels in the body;
- A chondroprotective agent that accelerates the regeneration of joint tissues.
It is worth noting that the chondroprotective group drugs are particularly important in eliminating the ODA pathological state.
Physical therapy as a way to eliminate neck pain
The best activator of the conservative approach is a complex combination with physical therapy treatment.
In order to relieve unnecessary tension in the neck, methods are as follows:
- Mud bath and hot compress;
- Use the anesthetic group for electrophoresis;
- Manual therapy
- Touching magnets or needles;
- Visiting massage;
- Use of medical, sports and cultural complex.
In the diagnosis of spinal pathology, accompanied by local pain in the cervical spine, radical treatment may be required.
To reduce excessive pressure on the nerve roots, use discectomy (open surgery to remove hernias), foraminotomy (low-traumatic intervention aimed at decompressing nerves) or laminectomy (designed to eliminate compressed nerves)Surgery).
In particularly difficult situations with severe degenerative disease, spinal fusion (artificial fusion of vertebrae to fix them purposefully) may be required.
General prevention of neck pain and ODA disorders
Everyone who has at least faced the problem under consideration repeatedly asks: "What methods of struggle exist? " First of all, it is worth noting that the best treatment at any time is considered prevention. This includes official development assistance for humanity. The function and nutrition of the spine create the best comfortable conditions.
It is important to create such conditions, and compliance with these conditions is not only continuous, but also lifelong. This is the secret of the success of preventive measures.
There are several components to preventing neck pain. Let us consider them separately.
Physical activity and exercise
A key component of preventing destructive processes in the musculoskeletal system. Moderate exercise helps maintain optimal health.
The ergonomics of working conditions largely determines human health, because people spend a lot of time in the workplace.
If you can't organize comfortable conditions, then you must at least strive for systematic decompression and perform simple warm-up exercises systematically.
Lack of useful vitamins and minerals can negatively affect the state of human bones. In order for the organization to have everything you need, it is important to ensure that the diet is reasonable.
The daily diet should be moderately rich in not only a source of energy, but also vitamins and trace elements.
Don't forget the drinking program. To ensure that the ideal metabolic level is reached, 1. 5 to 2 liters of pure water must be consumed every day.
Receiving chondroprotective agents
Preventive courses using chondroprotective agents help to maintain the optimal condition of joint tissues and can also speed up the regeneration process when they are damaged.
Priority should be given to extremely reliable drugs that have proven themselves in the modern pharmacology market.
Want to enjoy a fulfilling life? It is time to start preventing official development assistance diseases. Adhere to the principle of protecting your health, you can forget your poor health and enjoy all the joys of life.