Currently, people of different ages suffer from various diseases of the cardiovascular system, nervous system, rheumatism and bone diseases. Everyone at every age can get sick. But the most common musculoskeletal system disease. These diseases can occur in the elderly and young people. The facet joints are most commonly affected. These joints include the structure of the hands and feet. Why are the joints of the skeletal structure injured, what causes finger joint pain, and how to treat it?
When there is pain in the hand area, it is not until a certain period of time that we pay due attention to it, and at the same time the progression and development of the disease occurs. What diseases can cause finger joint pain? The most common diseases of bones and joints can cause painful episodes:
- Osteoarthritis of the bones and joints.
- Arthritis (rheumatoid or psoriasis).
- Gout gets worse.
- Rhizome disease.
- Physical injury.
- Microcirculation disorders.
- Pathology of nerve endings or spine.
- Delay the treatment of chronic diseases.
Why do the joints of the fingers hurt? There are many causes of finger joint pain with various pathologies. Let us examine in detail the characteristics of pain in various pathologies.
When polyarthritis occurs, people under 45 and over 55 will have finger joint pain. A distinctive feature of this pathology is that when the joints are damaged, Heberden's nodules appear. They are located on the back of the palm, which is also the fact that they are formed in the same way (the left and right hands in the same position are formed at the same time).
Nodules may appear on the phalanges of the fingers (the most common are the failures of the index and middle fingers). When a nodule forms, the patient may feel an uncomfortable burning sensation, and may experience pain, swelling, and redness. First, it is necessary to treat the original cause.
In rheumatoid arthritis, the incidence of finger joint soreness is 6% to 7%. Diseases may occur in people of different ages, women are more likely to get sick, and they are formed after colds, colds, infections or hypothermia, with emotional overstress as the background. The disease begins with inflammatory changes, and then the affected joints swell slightly, and the pain intensifies when bending the phalanx of the left and right arms. The lesion is usually symmetrical and may involve other joints, even large joints.
The pathology has a painful inflammatory nature (in the evening and morning, and during the day and night, the onset of pain will gradually decrease). In addition to these symptoms, patients may also feel weak, have a fever, and may chills. Treatment should be aimed at the treatment of the underlying disease.
In 5% of cases, pain may occur due to psoriatic arthritis. People between the ages of 20 and 50 have skin lesions (psoriatic plaques). The disease is characteristic of the inflammatory process, with axial inflammation (injuries to fingers whose all joints are infected). The skin on this joint is wine-red.
Inflammation affects the joints of the right or left hand bones, but rarely occurs at the same time, which indicates its asymmetry.
In less than 4% of cases, gout is "reproachable" pain. It is more common in men, most often in lesions of the big toe, which then affect other joints. It occurs in the age range of 20 to 50 years. In the hand, the disease progresses with the injury of the thumb (rarely starting from the little finger), and then spreads to other joints. The pain intensifies at night, disturbs the sleep pattern and quality, and the thumb appears red and becomes hot to the touch.
The duration of the acute attack may be as long as 12 days, and then the pain disappears. Paroxysmal pain syndrome is a characteristic of this disease.
When a finger is injured, the injury and dislocation of the limbs play an important role. If the cartilage tissue is damaged, it will gradually regenerate, but in any case it is no longer complete and the same cartilage, it will appear more or less defective. Symptoms may not appear initially, but gradually, the cartilage tissue wears away and no longer fully functions, leading to the onset of pain syndrome (when the little finger is infected, the pain first appears).
De Curven’s tenosynovitis causes 2-3% of pain syndromes and implies an inflammatory process in the muscle tissue of the thumb. It is characterized by pain in the roots of the joints, which can be induced spontaneously or due to overload, and aggravates with flexion and extension (no pain from index finger to little finger).
For root joint disease, the thumb on the hand will be injured and joint disease will appear. The most common manifestation is that it is manifested together with polyoste joint disease, and it rarely appears alone. Caused by a strong constant load. It is difficult to diagnose this disease with De Kewen’s tenosynovitis. But for this pathology, one feature is the deformation of the finger bones, which is clearly visible on the X-ray of the hand.
Timely and most importantly, correctly prescribed treatment will help avoid pain later in life. Preventing rheumatism is an important step in maintaining the same standard of living. However, if the disease has occurred or worsened, what should be done and how should it be treated?
The treatment should work in a complex way, solving several problems and helping to repair damaged tissue.
First of all, it is necessary to correctly diagnose the cause of the disease, and then determine which method to use for treatment (drug treatment or surgical treatment).
The most common drugs that can reduce or stop pain syndromes completely are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In addition to detoxification, they also have anti-inflammatory effects.
Taking into account the available instructions, the medicinal substance can be used alone.
In arthritis, when the joints of the hands are injured, glucocorticoid drugs (GCS) should be prescribed, which have anti-inflammatory effects and can stop the painful episodes immediately. In order to enhance the healing and regeneration effects, various oils and creams are used; they will also help relieve pain in a short time.
Physical therapy has a wide range of treatment and prevention methods. The most popular method is:
- Ultra high frequency therapy (UHF).
- Ultraviolet and infrared radiation.
- Perform gymnastics exercises.
- Therapeutic and restorative massage.
- Moderate physical activity.
This method is radical and is used in the late and late stages of the disease. Use a prosthesis to replace the joint surface or restore blood flow for surgery.