Causes, symptoms and treatment of cervical osteochondrosis

Causes of cervical osteochondrosis

How to cure cervical osteochondrosis, and what is the cause of its appearance? This problem worries women and men who are forced to deal with emerging health issues every day: from annoying neck discomfort to severe headaches and other troubles.

The main reason for the development of the disease is that the cartilage tissue between the vertebrae is destroyed, which causes the distance between the vertebrae to shorten.

for reference.Cervical osteochondrosis is a degenerative dystrophic progressive disease that spreads widely due to the excessive mobility of the cervical vertebrae in the neck. Spinal osteochondrosis is caused by uncontrolled physical activity, injuries, and muscle corsets. All these reasons eventually lead to the development of cervical osteochondrosis.

The cause of the disease

The main reason for the development of cervical spine chondropathy is the gradual decrease of the distance between the vertebrae, which is caused by the gradual destruction of the cartilage tissue between them. Any unsuccessful posture will cause the vertebrae to shift and the blood vessels and nerves will be compressed.

The most common causes of osteochondrosis:

  • The genetic susceptibility of this disease.
  • Overweight and abnormal metabolism.
  • is ​​often infected and can be poisoned.
  • Malnutrition, insufficient nutrition, minimal intake of vitamins, minerals and fluids, which can cause vertebrae to deform.
  • Spinal curvature, trauma, bruises, fractures, bad posture (osteochondrosis in the initial part).
  • Flat feet and unstable spine segments including cervical vertebrae.
  • Work related to lifting heavy objects or frequent changes in body position (bumps, turns).
  • Sedentary lifestyle, bad ecology.
  • Hard work with an underdeveloped musculoskeletal system can cause vertebrae to deform.
  • Prolonged physical forced posture, nerve strain and stress.
  • The "wrong" sleep pillow can change the position of the cervical spine.
Symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis

A sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of illness.

It is important to remember that the onset of osteochondrosis may not have been noticed. Therefore, if there is discomfort in the neck, you must consult an expert in time.

The following causes of osteochondrosis are theoretical, but will be encountered in practice:

Progressive

is ​​related to tissue dystrophy during aging, mainly involving intervertebral discs and vertebrae, through which a large number of blood vessels pass.

Hormones

With hormonal imbalance in the body, degenerative changes (chondropathy) occur and the intervertebral disc is affected.

Blood vessels

Violations of segmental circulation and water and salt metabolism were observed. Subsequently, degenerative changes develop in tissues and organs, including cervical osteochondrosis.

Infectious

Infections that occur in the intervertebral discs of the cervical spine and surrounding tissues can disrupt the spread of lymph fluid and cause changes in the tissues and nutrition of the cervical spine. This is the characteristic that leads to degenerative changes in the spine, which is characteristic of osteochondrosis.

Biological electret

Due to injury, overload and temperature changes, the vector force of the bioelectric field in the intervertebral disc is reversed. Eventually, osteochondrosis of the spine develops and is usually multisegmental.

Machinery

Spinal injuries and severe overload can lead to the destruction of the integrity of the annulus fibrosus and the degeneration of the cervical disc.

Abnormal

This refers to congenital abnormalities of the spine and its various structural parts. At the same time, the healthy cervical vertebrae bear a double load, leading to their rapid wear and tear and the development of cervical osteochondrosis.

Features

Due to congenital or acquired factors, the main pathological changes involve muscle tissue. Uneven muscle contraction in one plane can cause cervical osteochondrosis.

Stage of disease

There are four levels of cervical osteochondrosis. They are characterized by specific symptoms and changes that affect the cervical area:

Stages of development of cervical osteochondrosis
  1. Level 1Due to metabolic disorders, the nucleus pulposus is damaged. Its elasticity is reduced, it becomes dry and it cannot cope with the load of the cervical spine. Level 1 patients do not feel pain, but occasionally stiff. At this stage, the treatment of cervical lesions is the most effective, and a simple massage process will help.
  2. Level 2Damage to the annulus has occurred, and microcracks have formed on the lateral and posterior surfaces of the intervertebral disc. Patients with this degree of pathology begin to feel neck pain.
  3. Level 3The bone structure changes, and the fibrous ring deforms and tears. All nearby tissues, nerves and blood vessels are suffering, the patient feels insufficient air, ears and head make noise. The third-degree characteristic of cervical osteochondrosis is pain in the back of the head, making it very difficult to turn the head.
  4. Grade 4Degenerative spinal repair occurred and this process lasted about a year. In deformed vertebrae, the growth of bone tissue changes (it grows in width). The diseased spine gradually became a static, painless, frozen bone column.

Only timely prevention of osteochondrosis will help prevent the development of the disease.

The main manifestations of osteochondrosis include multisegmental disease, which occurs after 35 years of age, and the older the person, the more patients will complain of neck pain to experts. Today, the most common cause of pathology is staying on the computer and driving for a long time. This forced position of the spine can cause spinal instability.

Typical clinical manifestations

The symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis have a distinct personality and are different from the symptoms of diseases in other parts of the spine. This is due to the structural features of the vertebrae and the fact that they are closer compared to the thoracic and lumbar regions. This is why cervical osteochondrosis can make you feel faster even if the pathology is least obvious.

The most typical following symptom is cervical osteochondrosis:

Soreness

Let people know the first symptom of a problem starting to appear on the neck. It can be positioned on: neck, back of head, shoulders, upper arms. If the nerve root is involved in the pathological process, and this is the "responsibility" innervated by the upper arm, there will be pain-like discomfort. Occipital pain occurs when the neck muscles attached to the occiput are severely spasm. In addition, blood flow is disturbed, causing symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the brain.

Weakness in the hand

Clinical manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis

This symptom is caused by damage to the nerve roots and the fibers that perform motor functions and innervate the arm muscles.

The symptoms of the disease may be weakness and poor sensitivity.

Sensitivity in the hand

This symptom is caused by the destruction of the sensitive nerve fibers that innervate the skin.

Tightening and restriction of neck movement

These are characteristic symptoms that indicate "dry out" of the intervertebral disc. In addition, the bone tissue of the small joints located between the cervical vertebrae increases and degenerates.

Poor coordination

Symptoms indicate that cervical chondropathy is developing. Nerves and vertebral arteries are compressed. As fibrous tissue forms and vertebrae are displaced, blood flow deteriorates, leading to symptoms, indicating that the blood supply to the cerebellum and brain is insufficient. In severe cases, the following symptoms may appear: hearing loss, tongue numbness, and visual impairment.

As you can see, osteomalacia is by no means a harmless disease, and its symptoms eloquently indicate this.

Principles of therapeutic intervention

The treatment of cervical osteochondrosis in men and women is based on stopping all symptoms of the disease and eliminating the cause of cervical osteochondrosis. The symptoms are mainly related to the compression of nerve fibers and blood vessels. Therefore, it is essential to eliminate edema, inflammation and restore normal blood supply. In the initial stage, when no drugs were used, physical therapy successfully retreated cervical osteochondrosis.

The success of treatment depends only on the teamwork of qualified doctors.

With the development of cervical osteochondrosis, the local therapist, who is almost always the main focus, is not very helpful. Usually, his treatment is only symptomatic treatment, but he cannot completely find out and eliminate the cause of the disease. Therefore, the success of treatment depends only on the teamwork of qualified doctors: vertebral neurologist, neurologist, surgeon, physiotherapist and massage therapist.

Methods of treating cervical osteochondrosis

It is important to start the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis as early as possible, otherwise, in 2-3 stages, the vertebrae will undergo strong changes and the treatment will be long-term, difficult and not always effective. The main treatments for neck problems are medication, physical therapy, massage and remedial gymnastics.

Medications for cervical osteochondrosis:

  1. NSAID.
  2. Vitamins.
  3. Drugs that improve blood flow.
  4. Muscle relaxants.
  5. Cartilage protector.

The treatment of cervical osteochondrosis uses the following physical therapy:

  • Ultrasound (reducing pain and improving metabolic processes).
  • Electrophoresis (delivering drugs to problem areas).
  • Laser therapy (to reduce inflammation and improve blood circulation).
  • Magnetic therapy (to relieve tissue swelling).

Cervical osteochondrosis should not be underestimated. Many times, men and women feel slight discomfort in their necks, especially when sitting on the computer for a long time or in any other forced posture. From the beginning, you don't need to take medication, but try to eliminate the cause or do light exercise regularly (at work or at home). Indications for surgical treatment: conservative treatment (medicine, physical therapy, gymnastics) ineffective, persistent pain, myelopathy, cerebrovascular accident.