What is hip arthritis, what are its symptoms and how to treat it? Arthritis is a disease that deforms and destroys joints. The treatment of hip arthritis is a long process. In the middle of the last century, hip joint disease was considered a sentence for the patient, inevitably leading to his early disability. However, due to the development of medicine, hip joint disease can be stopped and cured at the initial stage of the disease.
What is hip arthritis?
Arthropathy is a disease that causes slow destruction and deformation of joints due to changes in cartilage tissue structure. Arthritis is often confused with arthritis, but although they can occur at the same time, they are different diseases, such as-arthritis, arthritis of the hip. The difference between arthritis and arthritis is that for arthritis, the deformity occurs not due to inflammation of the infectious tissue, but due to deviations in the metabolic process.
Using combination therapy-understanding the causes of pathology can help determine the correct strategy for treating hip arthritis. When determining how to treat hip arthritis, the attending physician may focus on medication and physical therapy. If too severe changes affect the hip joint, it may also raise the question of surgery-drug-based treatment will not be effective.
Cause of occurrence
Arthritis can be triggered by trauma or due to old age. Likewise, hip joint disease can be congenital. However, the main risk factors are as follows:
- Poor heritability (genetic susceptibility).
These reasons can cause hip joint disease at any age. For people at risk, it is recommended that a dedicated expert conduct routine inspections, who deal with joint problems every six months.
Interesting! Many people don’t know which doctor can treat arthritis of the hip and other joints, and they go to a surgeon without knowing it. Doctors who can help in this situation are called arthritis specialists.
An arthritis expert is a specialized expert who not only understands all the strategies and drugs for treating arthritis, but also can choose the types and analogs of these drugs based on various indicators.
Arthropathy is usually diagnosed in patients over 40 years of age. The disease develops in stages, which may be divided into three stages:
- A metabolic abnormality has occurred. The second is the violation of substance synthesis. The nutrition of cartilage is getting worse.
- Lack of nutrition will reduce the elasticity of cartilage. It gradually becomes thinner. The bone cavity is reduced.
- As the cartilage tissue becomes thinner, the load on the bone tissue increases and bone deformation occurs.
With arthritis of the hip joint, the degenerative changes in cartilage tissue may only become visible to the patient after a few years, rather than appearing immediately in the first stage.
Each stage has its own characteristics. It is important to determine at which stage of hip arthritis, the symptoms and treatments of each stage are fundamentally different. Depending on the stage of the disease, medication or surgery can be prescribed.
Medications are only considered effective in phase 1 and phase 2. In the third stage, to be completely cured, surgical intervention is required, otherwise the person will remain disabled.
At stage 1, they can reverse the process, at stage 1 to stage 2, and at stage 2, they can stop the cartilage destruction process and slightly improve the condition of cartilage tissue. The first stage is characterized by the following performance:
- Soreness only manifests in sports activities.
- Pain in the joint area is concentrated;
- The pain will disappear by itself after resting;
- Unrestricted physical activity;
- The condition of the muscle tissue is normal.
For grade 1 arthritis, only X-rays and tomography are valid.
Stage 2 arthritis is characterized by the following manifestations:
- Pain of wandering around the thigh;
- The pain does not go away on its own-painkillers are needed;
- Sports activities are difficult and restricted; There is
- muscle atrophy.
If it is Grade 2 arthritis, there is no need for hardware research-the disease is diagnosed during visual inspection. However, they were sent for MRI and X-ray examination to determine the size of the deformity.
In the three stages, arthritis has the following manifestations:
- Chronic pain;
- Can only be moved with crutches;
- The affected limb is short.
The arthritis symptoms of the hip joint will be subtle and may be completely absent or show no symptoms of arthritis.
Characteristic manifestations of arthritis
The symptoms and nature of arthritis depend on the stage of development of the pathology. The most obvious symptom is pain. The patient may even feel that he has a hip fracture-pain syndrome that is very serious. The photo shows that the femoral neck and hip joint are very close.
The symptoms of the hip joint are very secretive and may be mistaken for fatigue in the early stages. Therefore, treatment is delayed. Sometimes it is even necessary to replace the joint with an endoprosthesis, because all medicines can do nothing. The picture shows an X-ray with joint replacement options.
The main symptoms of arthritis are as follows:
- Pain syndrome. The main source of pain is difficult to determine. If they seem to be still, it is worth visiting an arthritis specialist.
- Some exercise restrictions, slightly lied.
- After some time, the affected limb becomes slightly shorter than the healthy limb.
- There is muscle atrophy-diagnosed during palpation.
Since hip joint disease does not always have symptoms, it requires progressive research methods, and treatment is only possible if accurate data are available.
Treatment of arthritis
After being examined by an arthritis specialist and passing the necessary examinations, the doctor decides how to treat hip arthritis. First, the disease is assigned to ICD code 10. This makes it easier for doctors to choose the right treatment strategy.
Regardless of the strategy chosen, treatment is based on 6 basic principles:
- relieve pain;
- Replenish and restore cartilage;
- Improved blood flow to damaged parts;
- Reduce joint load;
- Strengthen muscle tissue;
- Recovery of joint mobility.
In order to achieve all goals, it is customary to use combination therapy. For example, if the burden of diseased joints is not reduced, all the positive effects of using shampoo protectors will be destroyed. Therefore, in the treatment of joint disease, 2-10 types of methods are used-all of which depend on the severity of the disease and the general indicators of the patient. The most common method is as follows:
- Non-steroid drugs are used in combination with exercise therapy and other physical therapy measures (massage, etc. ).
- Cartilage protector combined with hyaluronic acid. It is usually used as a recovery therapy.
- Vasodilators can be used together with chondroprotective drugs and non-steroidal drugs and exercise therapy.
- Anesthetic ointment can be used as an adjunct to any other treatment method. They themselves have no positive effect on the joints.
- Corticosteroids are used as an intra-articular injection combined with physical therapy.
Hip braces are usually used to limit joint movement. Physical therapy and non-traditional techniques.
Physiotherapy and non-traditional techniques
In addition to medication, patients may also need to undergo physical therapy procedures, and even unconventional methods can be used as part of treatment.
Interesting! If you follow the principles of healthy eating and return your body weight to normal, you can significantly alleviate the disease process and reduce the severity of symptoms.
Other operations most commonly received by arthropathy patients are:
- Manual therapy refers to the use of massage techniques by experts to promote the development of diseases.
- Kinesiology (remedial gymnastics)-There are many ways to perform physical exercises, and the execution methods are complicated. Help restore atrophied muscles.
- Folk remedies-most doctors are opposed to this method, but they may consider it as an adjuvant therapy. Using the right method can enhance the effectiveness of drug treatment.
- Homeopathy-Official medicine has not yet proven the effectiveness of homeopathy, however, some patients have reported its positive effects and overall improvement.
- Apitherapy is a highly controversial technology based on the treatment of bees and the characteristics of bee venom.
The following procedure also applies:
- Magnetic therapy is used as adjuvant therapy and auxiliary measures. Due to the influence of the magnetic field on the human body, blood flow is improved and the metabolic process is gradually restored.
- False Therapy-Because water saliva contains components that thin blood, blood flow will improve, and a large amount of blood will enter atrophic muscles and blood vessels.
- Mud therapy absorbs some nutrients through the skin and has a tonic effect.
- Shilajit can be used alone, or as a part of dressing and tincture. The official drug will not deny it, but its positive effects cannot be confirmed. Everything depends on the patient's personal sensitivity.
- Self-massage is used to increase blood and lymph fluid. Before the performance, you need to consult an experienced chiropractor or massage therapist. Experts will teach the correct movements and help develop the correct movements.
Every other measure must be agreed with the treating expert.
The nuance! Contrary to many claims, traditional medicine is neutral on complementary treatment measures. However, improper operation (for example, sudden movement and heavy pressure during self-massage) can aggravate the course of the disease.
Certain methods related to alternative medicine may be contraindicated-allergic reactions or other adverse reactions may occur after application.
In the advanced stages of the disease, treatment using traditional and alternative medicine methods did not yield the expected positive results. The operation can be joint replacement or laser operation.
The replacement of the joint allows you to restore all the motor functions of the joint to the greatest extent. In addition to the high cost of direct surgery, the biggest disadvantage is that the service life is too long. On average, joint prostheses need to be replaced every 15 years.
When the joint part of the bone is rejected, laser therapy can be used to treat hip joint disease that has been operated on. Thanks to this method, the damaged area can be removed and replaced with an insert made of artificial material.
The measures to prevent hip joint arthritis are based on eliminating the risk factors that may lead to hip joint disease. Ways to prevent hip arthritis include following a healthy lifestyle and taking regular strengthening measures:
- Accept and love an active lifestyle. The greatest risk in pathology is the absence of joint mobility-salt deposition and other complications. Lightweight, but must be systematically exercised.
- Monitor your diet. You should stick to this eating style to avoid weight problems. However, you should avoid using large amounts of table salt in your dishes. The same applies to spicy dishes. Nutrition should be complete and contain all the necessary micro and macro elements.
- Don't ignore routine medical examinations-this will enable you to detect the disease as soon as possible.
- Avoid hypothermia-this negative effect can cause joint inflammation and cause arthritis.
If you suspect hip arthritis, you should not try to self-diagnose. Even experienced physicians cannot always look at it at first glance, and only declare that it is hip arthritis after asking the patient accurately and confidently. Even more so, it is unacceptable to prescribe treatment alone-at least drugs, at least some other drugs. Lack of awareness of the effects on the body and possible side effects can lead to sad consequences.