Arthritis and osteoarthritis – what is it and what is the difference between diseases

The most frequent malocclusion of the joints in arthritis and arthrosis. The two diseases have a lot of differences, which largely depends on the outcome of the disease.

The correct definition of the disease of a specialist doctor is the key to effective treatment for the full recovery of the affected joints. Under the influence of the changes due to the age of each person there is the risk of pathological changes in the joints. Particularly affected are the joints, for the whole life are of greatest load.

The disease can be a direct cause articulated changes. To warn of the consequences of joint disease, you need to not let the disease evolves, adhering to the measures of prevention and treatment.

What is arthritis and arthritis and how are they different

Arthritis and osteoarthritis – frequent diagnosis in older patients. In order to understand if the differences between these two pathologies, consider representing the arthritis and osteoarthritis and what is the difference between them.

Many people confuse osteoarthritis and arthritis, because they have a lot of symptoms:

  • pain;
  • pain during movement;
  • deformation of the bone;
  • swelling;
  • redness inflamed phase;
  • burning sensation at the place;
  • stiffness.
Arthritis and osteoarthritis

It is then necessary details to understand if in these diseases, and to understand whether their specificity, to distinguish between the symptoms and the types of disease manifestations.

Arthritis is an inflammatory disease of the joints, when the body begins to produce enzymes that destroy the connective tissue. Strike the sheath of the synovial fluid, where the blood vessels and nerve endings, the composition of the liquid is broken, and the cartilage does not receive the right diet. Along the arthritis results in osteoarthritis.

Consider the difference in symptoms between arthritis and osteoarthritis:

The symptoms of arthritis The symptoms of osteoarthritis
  • appears synovitis – swelling at the site of sick, is characterized by a strong sensitivity, the limitation of mobility.
  • it affects all of the joints, such as small and large. Also during the first edition, then be diagnosed on polyarthritis.
  • often manifests itself in women.
  • the pain stabbing, sharp, regardless of the state of rest or loads. Able to "swim" from one place to another.
  • in the morning manifests as joint stiffness, poor mobility. Disappears after half an hour/an hour after the man starts to move.
  • in a feverish place as the temperature rises, the skin becomes red.
  • swelling in the area of the patient's joint.
  • the limbs may be cold, and unmoved, in the morning you observe numbness.
  • the articulation is distorted, that once seen on x-rays.
  • begins to be felt depending on the weather, patients joints sore "time".
  • wave nature of the pain. In the initial phase, the pain is absent, the intensity of the time does not increase;
  • gradually, the pain intensifies, in the morning you feel stiffness issues in the joints;
  • for the development of dystrophic changes in the mobility of the area affected reduced when the execution of the cases, it is possible to the complete immobility due to destruction of the cartilage;
  • the main places of localization – the hip joints (have been), the spine (spondiloartrosi), knees (gonarthrosis).

Please note that the main signs of joint diseases. Even a small discomfort in the joints should induce the suspicion of the development of negative inter-group processes in cartilage tissue.

The causes of

Arthritis is an inflammatory reaction in the joint, which occurs in response to the action of different harmful factors.

Osteoarthritis, and more specifically, osteoarthritis, it is too, is not a single disease, but a group of completely different states, the basis of which is the change of all the components of the joint: cartilage, bone, ligaments, joint capsule and muscles periarticular.

Causes of arthritis The causes of osteoarthritis
  1. The trauma. The most famous is the mechanism of development of arthritis. Injuries, fractures, bleeding in the joint cavity lead to damage of cells and the formation of inflammation.
  2. Hypothermia. Can substantially affect the flow of blood to the joints, especially those of small size. The cells of the connective tissue, devoid of power, they die. Occurs arthritis.
  3. An infection. May fall into a clear connection with the injury or with the current of the blood for infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, Listeria, Lyme disease.
  4. Systemic diseases of the connective tissue. Is a group of diseases in which the immune system begins to perceive the body's tissues as foreign and attack them. This is systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and some other diseases.
  5. Because the bones, cartilages and ligaments are composed mainly from connective tissue, namely the joints react to this inflammation in the first place.
  6. The reason for the development of arthritis can also be serious diseases like psoriasis, disease of Crohn, ulcerative colitis.
  1. The action of professional factors and load sports. Gymnasts and skaters have a higher frequency of lesions of the hip joints, the dancers of ballet ankle, soccer players and basketball players – the knee, the boxer joints of the hand.
  2. Excess body weight. Obese people have an increased load on the joints the intervertebral discs. Thanks to the constant mikrotravmatizatsii happens unraveling of these structures, which is the basis of these known diseases, such as back pain and spondiloartrosi.
  3. The consequences of joint injury. Not always after a serious injury and the development of arthritis joint completely restored. Sometimes its blood supply remains disturbed, as a result of the articulation functional in conditions of poor arrivals of nutrients and oxygen. After some time, you develop osteoarthritis.
  4. Systemic diseases, violate the services of the articular cartilage. These include, for example, diabetes mellitus, thyroid function, and even some diseases, accompanied by a violation of calcium exchange. Also the reconstruction of the bones can cause hormonal disorders in menopausal women.
  5. The chronic inflammatory processes flowing in the joints. Prolonged inflammation can have place in the case of connective tissue diseases, ankylosing Spondylitis and other conditions.

However, despite the differences in symptoms and causes, in some cases, arthritis and arthrosis can exist together. For example, in rheumatoid arthritis are observed frequently acute disease, in which the municipality is unable to recover. Another example: wrong failure after rupture of a joint, which is constantly trauma. Were the doctors call "artrose-arthritis".

Diagnostics

To begin treatment of the disease, it is important for the proper diagnosis of arthritis or osteoarthritis. You can with the help of various research methods. Not all patients know what type of doctor deals with cartilage pathologies, therefore, in the initial phase, you can consult a rheumatologist or a therapist, and then will need to consult an orthopedic surgeon.

Patients necessarily prescribed a blood test, which will demonstrate the general changes in the body. If the results of the analysis of the blood did not show abnormalities, physicians tend to be osteoarthritis as pre-diagnosis.

With the increase of the speed of sedimentation of red blood cells in the blood plasma, suspected rheumatoid arthritis, because there is a clear indication of the inflammatory process. Usually the rate increases above 25 mm/h. a Further confirmation of a symptom will be pain in the joints, increasing during the night. For correctness, we note that the increase in the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation and with arthritis, if he joined the inflammation.

A further argument in favour of rheumatoid arthritis is increased the number of white blood cells. Also take blood from a vein in the rheumatology evidence – the special appearance of mark – With-reactive protein, which speaks of inflammation. However, do not only rely on the research of the blood, so as to define authentically one of the diseases of this analysis is not possible. It is necessary to conduct further studies, taking into account the presence of a factor of inflammation in the blood.

As more studies doctors prescribe the patient:

  • an x-ray of the problem area;
  • magnetic resonance imaging;
  • tac;
  • ... with a bone scan....

The doctors consider the analysis, assembled with attention to the history and the results of the research of the blood, after which it is diagnosed with a particular disease.

Arthritis and arthrosis – that cure?

Both the disease suggest a specific therapy, without which the arthritis becomes chronic, and osteoarthritis devoid of integrity.

General principles of treatment are similar, but the activities are different:

  • arthritis main goal – to relieve the inflammation, eliminate the painful symptoms, prevent complications to other organs;
  • with osteoarthritis, due to the inability to fully cure the disease, the main therapeutic emphasis is placed to relieve the pain, and the processes dystrophic in the cartilage.

A complex of measures to healing necessarily includes medications in the form of tablets, ointments, creams, liquids, powders, and injection. To support ways to apply the popular recipes, physiotherapy, medical gymnastics. In advanced cases, can not do without a surgical intervention.

Treatment of arthritis The treatment of osteoarthritis
  1. The first phase – the struggle against pathogenic bacteria, dangerous viruses, under the influence of which is started the inflammatory process. It is mandatory to intake of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  2. It is important not only to destroy the causative agent of the infection, but also strengthen the immune system.
  3. Recommended diet protein, vitamin, dairy products. It is mandatory abstinence from alcohol, coffee, sweetened drinks, black tea (better-green).
  4. Good effect give physiotherapy: electrophoresis with drugs against inflammation, magneto-and laser therapy, therapeutic baths. After the resolution of the inflammatory process to restore a patient's mobility joint help complex PHYSIOTHERAPY, massage. Useful to the traditional methods, without the application of heat.
  1. The main task – to normalize the status of the cartilage tissue. The doctor assigns chondroprotectors with hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. Along the course of the treatment improves the elasticity of cartilage tissue, and repair the blood circulation, the metabolism, stops the degenerative-dystrophic processes.
  2. In the most severe cases-are in need of drugs from the group of NSAIDS for the alleviation of pain, resolution of inflammation, which developed during the abrasion of the joint tissues. But as the main tool for the treatment of osteoarthritis are ineffective.
  3. Are useful treatments of physiotherapy, special exercises. Many of the patients and the doctors respond positively on the articular gymnastics Bubnovsky.
  4. The patients have used with success the traditional methods. Casa masi, decoctions, compresses, baths and tinctures are made from natural components.
  5. In the complete destruction of the cartilage tissue takes place, surgical treatment – arthroplasty. Osteoarthritis is impossible to heal completely, you can not only maintain the health of the joints, prevent the aggravation.

The treatment of osteoarthritis long-lasting and complete — in the hospital, institute, clinic and care home. Use curative physical education, massage, physiotherapy treatments. There is an orthopedic correction. The ineffectiveness of the above pass the manipulations surgical – arthrodesis (- correct fixing of the bone connection in a predetermined location) or arthroplasty (restore the function of the joint).

Therapy of arthritis is also home to the complex, depending on the severity of the disease. Prescribed physiotherapy techniques and spa treatments. Massage here are not recommend physical THERAPY – very rarely. In case of complications (inflammation, like sugar diabetes bags, tendon rupture, complex deformation of the joints), with severe pain and the lack of effect of drug therapy, spend the operation. This prosthesis bone of the joint, partial or total removal of the joint capsule and joint fusion.

Treatment of rheumatoid and osteoarthritis folk remedies

The traditional methods – good help in the treatment of arthritis and arthrosis in the house. These are the recipes based on natural components have mainly symptomatic effect, shall apply as an additional instrument.

The popular recipes with rheumatoid arthritis Folk remedies with osteoarthritis
When arthritic joint inflammation, it is possible to do:
  • wraps for the night with the leaves of the burdock, cabbage, aloe, in advance washed and a little crumpled for the release of the juice;
  • hot baths with pine needles, the joints of the medicine stock;
  • rubbing the affected place of egg yolk, a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and a tablespoon of turpentine;
  • herbal decoction of sage, st. john's wort and uva ursi, willing to do 2 tablespoons of the collection in half a liter of boiling water, taking before meals for 0.5 cups.
Alleviate the condition of osteoarthritis will help:
  • a pack of ginger root, grated on a grater, and apply the articulation to stimulate the blood circulation and the heating effect;
  • heats up at night from 50 g of honey and 1 teaspoon of medicine shilajit;
  • patch pepper or mustard wrap as a heat procedure;
  • a foot bath-based decoction of the leaves of mint or ' soda-salt solution.

All of the recipes you can use for both diseases, but only after consulting your doctor. Home treatment can help, by eliminating the discomfort, and evil, triggering an allergic reaction, and aggravation.

Total

The difference between arthritis and arthrosis substantial. The knowledge of the characteristics of joint diseases will help the patient to control the current of a pathological process, to properly use all the therapies available. Under the guidance of a medical expert may deal with any malocclusion the joints.

In order to prevent diseases, it is necessary to pay attention to a healthy lifestyle. Balanced food intake and routine exercise will increase the duration of functioning of the joints, and this is necessary to strengthen the health.